What Should a PCOD Patient Do To Control the Levels of Insulin

An essential component of managing PCOS symptoms is to regulate insulin levels because for most women, PCOS and insulin resistance go hand in hand. According to the journal fertility and sterility, about 65% to 70% of women with PCOS have insulin resistance. Though it is found to be more common among obese women, research reveals that obesity need not wholly cause insulin resistance and can have independent relationship to PCOS. High insulin levels often leads to more severe symptoms, difficulty maintaining a healthy weight and heightened risks of developing other conditions such as endometriosis. PCOS and Endometriosis treatment in Chennai that lays emphasis on keeping the levels of insulin under control, can keep such PCOS symptoms also in check.

Things to know about PCOD and insulin

The term Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) makes it appear as exclusively an ovarian condition  but it is not so. PCOS is a full-body endocrine and metabolic disorder that is closely associated with insulin resistance and the effects on ovaries and ovulation is only a part of the condition. Insulin resistance is a key feature of both obese and lean PCOS. Key points on the relationship between PCOD and Insulin are:

  • Majority of women with PCOS have insulin resistance or high insulin
  • High insulin is not only a symptom of PCOS also an underlying physiological driver
  • Testing for insulin resistance is a way to rule out other conditions that may be misdiagnosed as PCOS

In most cases of PCOD, the root of physiological imbalances is insulin resistance. This is a consequence of the pancreas in need to secrete increased amounts of insulin in response to high blood sugar levels. Function of insulin is to store the glucose in cells and thus the blood sugar remains low. With constant insulin, cells become resistant and signal for more and more of insulin to be secreted. Continued resistance leads to high insulin and high blood sugar with the following complications of PCOD:

  • Insulin is a fat-storage hormone, that concentrates fat in the abdominal region.
  • Insulin levels can stimulate the ovaries to make more testosterone, causing PCOS symptoms of excess androgens such as dark hairs on the face and belly.

Management of insulin levels in PCOS

Lifestyle, stress, and nutrition all play a role in PCOD and hormone imbalance. The most fundamental ways of PCOS Acne treatment in Chennai include ways to manage insulin levels through diet and exercise that control metabolic disturbances at the root.

Healthy eating to control insulin levels

Women with PCOS often find themselves in a vicious cycle of spiking insulin levels, making them crave more carbs and sweets. While fad diets or any eating plan that is likely to lead to dramatic gains and loss is discouraged, general guidance on healthy eating is required.  Diet need not be too restrictive but it is important to be mindful of a sustainable and balanced diet. Healthy diet habits include:

  • Eat regularly throughout the day – Eating every few hours helps keep Blood glucose levels can be kept stable by eating every few hours a day. For women with insulin resistance in PCOS, fasting and calorie restrictions may not be a lasting idea.
  • Select fresh foods – Healthy food choices include whole fruits and vegetables, lean meats, and healthy fats and oils from nuts, seeds, and avocados. Restrict on processed and refined foods. Dates and other dried fruits are a good source of minerals and fibre to replace empty carbohydrates in refined foods.
  • Understand food labels – Food labels give information on fat, calories, and protein contained in packed foods. Knowledge on how to look for added sugars and refined carbohydrates can help make healthy food choices.
  • Consume whole grains – Options of whole wheat, brown rice, and oats rather than white bread or processed crackers and cookies offer more fibre. Replacing carbohydrate-rich meals with a balance of protein, fruits, and vegetables is a healthier choice to control insulin levels.
  • Control on sweets – Limiting sugar in foods such as sugary drinks, desserts, and sources of added sugar is key to managing symptoms of insulin resistance and PCOS. As per a recommendation from the PCOS nutrition centre, intake of sugar should be below 45 grams per day, and American Heart Association recommends a much lower intake of only 25 grams per day for insulin control in PCOS.

Moderate exercise can control insulin levels

Exercise is a great way to help the body become more sensitive to insulin. Regular exercise helps decrease the amount of insulin needed to signal cells and thus reduce blood sugar. Sugars move into the muscles for storage and promote an immediate increase in insulin sensitivity, which lasts 2 to 48 hours, depending on the intensity and continuity of the exercise. Moderate exercise for at least 30 minutes a day, even if it is a walk every day can regulate blood glucose levels.  Though women with PCOS are encouraged to exercise, it is necessary to be careful of excessive exercise to avoid the increased demand on adrenal glands that can cause more problems. Moderate exercise techniques such as burst/interval training and yoga are better ways to adopt for safe control of insulin levels.

Loose weight to control insulin levels in PCOD

Insulin sensitivity and increased risk of type 2 diabetes can be reduced by losing weight, especially from the belly region because belly fat is known to produce hormones that promote insulin resistance in the muscles and liver.

Reduce stress to control insulin levels in PCOD

Stress keeps stress hormone levels high and makes the body more insulin resistant preventing nutrient storage, thus allowing high blood sugar levels. Activities like meditation, exercise, and sleep are great ways to reduce stress and increase insulin sensitivity.

Follow medication to control insulin levels in PCOD

Treatment for PCOS at Chennai PCOS clinic involves medication that can help regulate the menstrual cycle and hormone levels to reduce PCOS symptoms. This treatment also includes medication to help reduce insulin resistance, increase the ability of the body’s insulin to work more effectively, and lower levels of blood glucose in controlling PCOS symptoms.

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