What is polycystic ovary syndrome? What are It’s symptoms?

PCOS or Polycystic ovarian syndrome is characterized by the presence of several small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) in the ovaries. However, some women with this illness do not beget cysts, whereas others who do not have the disorder do.

A woman can suffer from PCOS at any age following puberty. Majority of women are diagnosed in their 20s or 30s while attempting to conceive. One might have a higher chance of getting PCOS if overweight, or if people in the family have PCOS. There is no cure for polycystic ovary syndrome, but there are lifestyle and medical treatments to lessen the symptoms. There are many PCOS specialist in Chennai.

Causes – 

  1. When the male hormones are at their highest levels (also known as androgens). The high androgen levels prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs, which causes an irregular menstrual cycle. 
  2. Irregular ovulation can also cause small, fluid-filled sacs to develop in the ovaries. 
  3. The increased level of insulin also causes the ovaries to make and release male hormones that contribute to other symptoms of PCOS. 
  4. You have a higher probability of acquiring it if you are overweight.
  5. PCOS is more probable in you if your mother or sibling has it. 


  1. Infrequent, irregular, or prolonged menstrual cycles are the most common signs of PCOS. 
  2. Excessive facial hair and heavy hair growth on the arms, chest, and abdomen (hirsutism). 
  3. Acne is a familiar side effect of PCOS, especially on the back, chest, and face. Acne can last far after adolescence and can be difficult to treat.
  4. It can lead to overweight or obesity
  5. Patches of dark skin, especially in the folds of your neck, armpits, groin (between the legs), and under the breasts. 
  6. Having small pockets of fluid in their ovaries.
  7. Losing patches on their heads or starting to go bald.
  8. A reduction in ovulation frequency or a lack of ovulation can result in infertility.

Related Health Risks

  • High cholesterol can cause cardiac problems such as high blood pressure and heart attacks.
  • Type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome.
  • Obesity
  • Sleep apnoea is a serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. 
  • Mood disorders, like depression and bipolar disorder. 
  • Endometrial cancer, particularly in elderly women.

Risk factors are important while undergoing treatment. Many Chennai PCOS clinics provide the best treatment with safety.


Medicines can help to relieve symptoms and you can get treated with home remedies too- 

  1. Your doctor may prescribe birth control tablets or another hormone to start your menstruation on rare occasions.
  2. Doctors may recommend Metformin, a diabetic medication that can help reduce your “male” hormone levels.
  3. Medicated lotions and laser treatments can be used to eliminate unwanted hair.
  4. Weight Loss is one of the best things to do as it will make periods more normal and also lessen hair growth and depression. 
  5. Having a proper diet. 
  6. Exercise properly. 
  7. Quit smoking or drinking. 

If you are suffering from PCOS then there are verified PCOD treatments in Chennai with doctors excellent in this field.

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