Know your condition on PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is so common that, about 1 in 10 women suffer from the condition. A woman can get PCOS any time after puberty. While living with PCOS can be frustrating and even debilitating at times for many women, other women may not realise that they have the condition until they have trouble getting pregnant or when weight gain for unknown reasons is the concern. It is equally possible for some women to have mild PCOS, with symptoms that are not severe enough to be noticed. In fact, PCOS can exist in some women without any symptoms. Hence it is considered important for women in need to know about the condition. The best thing to do is to be as informed as possible about PCOs. The very first information to know is that, women have to come to terms with the fact that there is no cure for PCOS. However, symptoms can be managed effectively through lifestyle remedies and PCOS treatment in Chennai.

Unknown cause – PCOS is very common with occurrence in up to 15% of women in reproductive age but the exact cause is unknown. Evidence suggests that genetics play a role along with several other factors that contribute in causing PCOS:

  • Increased levels of male hormones called androgens can cause irregular menstrual cycles as they prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs (ovulation). Small, fluid-filled sacs may develop in the ovaries because of irregular ovulation. Acne and excess hair growth in women with PCOS are also caused by excess androgen levels.
  • Insulin controls the way the body processes glucose (sugar) and uses it for energy. Insulin resistance, is a condition wherein the body does not process insulin correctly, creating increased glucose levels. Insulin resistance in PCOS may or may not lead to increased glucose levels and diabetes but causes the ovaries to produce and release more of the male hormone (androgens). Normal levels of blood glucose with increased insulin levels can also indicate insulin resistance. This increased male hormone has the ability to suppress ovulation and contribute to many other symptoms of PCOS. Being obese or having an overweight body can also contribute to insulin resistance and subsequent symptoms of PCOS.
  • Chronic low grade inflammation is common in women with PCOS tend to have chronic low-grade inflammation. Blood tests as suggested by the best gynaecologist for PCOS in Chennai can indicate the level inflammation in the body by measuring levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cells.

Missed diagnosis – PCOS diagnosis is hard, unlike other diseases where the possibilities can be expected due to family or medical history. It is not exactly possible to know who is most likely to get PCOS and who will not. Symptoms that indicate PCOS are considered as markers, but symptoms cannot define or doesn’t necessarily confirm the presence of PCOS. This is a major reason why diagnosis of PCOS can be missed easily. miss PCOS. For instance, a woman with excess acne when consults a dermatologist, may not be examined for factors like missed periods, thus being misdiagnosed. The best way to get the right diagnosis is to see a who will understand and analyse all the symptoms to make the proper diagnosis. Diagnosis for PCOS usually consists of blood tests and even an ultrasound to examine for ovarian cysts. Proper diagnosis can help women go on to have a healthy life.

Vicious cycle- Hormones get out of control when several ovarian cysts that are little sacs of immature egg that never get released form in the ovary. This sets off a vicious cycle of symptoms in the body where

  • Ovulation is not triggered because the eggs are immature.
  • There is not enough oestrogen and progesterone without ovulation.
  • Reproductive system does not function well due to lack of oestrogen and progesterone leading to higher levels of androgen (male hormones).
  • Male hormones interrupt menstrual cycle, making it difficult to get pregnant.

Medications alone are not enough – Medications exist to control the hormones in PCOS. Best medication to treat the symptoms can be worked out. While PCOS can be treated effectively with medications, sustainable management involves a combination with changes in lifestyle. PCOS is best treated through this approach. Dietary modifications, weight loss and exercise are lifestyle changes that play a role to help in treating PCOS. Diet rich in healthy fats and lean meats like avocados, seeds, nuts, chicken and fish are usually recommended. Healthy lifestyle with active exercises that reduce stress and control insulin levels are equally important. If other parts of the reproductive system are working well, with the holistic treatment, many women can control the symptoms of PCOS to a great extent. Like in cases where losing weight is a key factor in the management of PCOS because being overweight can cause the body to produce more insulin which in turn can produce symptoms of PCOS.

It is possible to care for PCOS

Women often find it difficult to hone in on symptoms of PCOS but there are few things that could be done to know if the symptoms indicate PCOS. Noting down the symptoms and its duration and keeping track of them and their intensity can help in arriving at a diagnosis.

Untreated PCOS can be seriously devastating and cause other problems in the body leading to a chain reaction of more health issues. Apart from cancer being a serious complication, there are other ways in which PCOS can impact health. One such example is when untreated PCOS can lead to type 1 diabetes because of its close relationship to insulin.

Though there is no cure yet for PCOS, there are many ways to decrease or eliminate PCOS symptoms while living with the condition. Medicines that can treat symptoms such as irregular periods, acne, excess hair and elevated blood sugar may be prescribed. Fertility treatments are available to help women with PCOS to get pregnant. It is always recommended to approach the best hospitals in Chennai for PCOS diagnosis, treatment and care for fertility and overall health.

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