10 Things You Didn’t Know About PCOS

The Basic Facts About PCOS:

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal imbalance that happens during a woman’s reproductive years. In this syndrome, small sacs of fluid called cysts develop along the outer side of the ovary. The small fluid-filled cysts contain immature eggs called follicles. The follicles fail to regularly release eggs.

One of the causes is insulin resistance. This makes blood sugar levels increase which in turn forces the body to produce more insulin to keep the levels low. This results in an excess of insulin in the body. Women who have an excess of insulin develop an increase in the amount of the male hormone androgen which leads to the symptoms of PCOS.

The symptoms include abnormal periods, excess hair growth, mood swings and in extreme cases, infertility.

These are the general facts about PCOS that are commonly known by patients and healthcare providers.


10 Unknown Facts About PCOS:

There are some facts about PCOS that most people and even many patients are not aware of:

(i)               PCOS is extremely common in India:

20% of Indian women suffer from this condition. However, their symptoms may be mild and so they do not see a doctor, which can lead to the symptoms worsening. If you have any symptoms of PCOS you must inform a doctor at an early stage.


(ii)             PCOS is hereditary:

This disease is often caused due to genetics. It is commonly seen in women who have female relatives that are affected with the same condition.


(iii)           PCOS can lead to diabetes:

Since women with PCOS are often insulin resistant, they have an excess of insulin within their bodies. This puts them at risk of type 2 – diabetes.


(iv)            Eating disorders are common in PCOS patients:

Eating disorders including anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating are common among women with this illness. These are the consequences of these women becoming overly stressed and anxious.


(v)             PCOS is one of the most common causes of female infertility:

Although women who have PCOS have difficulty getting pregnant, their infertility can be removed. This requires proper medication and treatment.


(vi)            Acne is one of the earliest symptoms of PCOS in adolescents:

If your teenage daughter, niece, or cousin has acne she may have PCOS. Therefore, it is important for you to take them to a gynaecologist for a check-up.


(vii)          Pregnant women who have PCOS are more likely to have complications:

Miscarriages, preterm deliveries and stillbirths are more common in women with PCOS.


(viii)        PCOS affects the body beyond the reproductive system:

PCOS is an endocrine and metabolic disorder that affects the body well beyond the ovaries. In fact, many clinicians believe that the name itself is inaccurate.


(ix)            Even non-obese women can get PCOS:

While obesity is a risk factor for PCOS, many patients are not obese or overweight. Other factors like poor genetics can have a greater effect.


(x)             There is no cure for PCOS:

While PCOS cannot be cured, it can be treated. A healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet and regular exercise can normalise the endocrine system, stopping insulin resistance.


Treatment of PCOS:

PCOS can be treated in several ways. At the Chennai PCOS Clinic you will find healthcare professionals who have experience in treating patients with PCOS. Our physiotherapists can give you an appropriate exercise regime while our dieticians can provide a nutritious diet for you and our doctors will prescribe you the correct medications for you. So come to us if you have PCOS. 

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